This publication is a hybrid journal, allowing either Traditional manuscript submission or Open Access (author-pays OA) manuscript submission.
For hybrid journals, the OA article processing fee is $2,045 plus other applicable fees (e.g. over-length paper charges and color page charges).
IEEE will apply a discount to current IEEE members. IEEE Members will receive a 5% discount, and members of IEEE Societies will receive a 15% discount. Discounts cannot be combined or applied to any other fees such as over-length article or color page charges.